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Ua hōʻoia ʻia nā mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe ea i ka wehe ʻana i nā mites lepo hale, nā pōpoki, nā ʻīlio allergens

Wahi a kekahi noiʻi i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Clinical and Translational Allergy, hiki i nā ʻāpana kānana ea lawe lima me ka lawa o ka hoʻouna ʻana i ka ea maʻemaʻe e hiki ke hoʻopau pono i nā mites, nā pōpoki a me nā ʻīlio a me nā mea ʻokoʻa mai ka ea o loko.

Ua kapa ʻia e nā mea noiʻi ʻo ia ka haʻawina nui loa, e kālele ana i ka pono o ka kānana ʻana i ka ea no nā ʻano hiʻohiʻona ea i loko o nā lumi moe.

"ʻElua mau makahiki ma mua o ke aʻo ʻana, ua loaʻa iaʻu kekahi mau mea noiʻi ma ʻEulopa e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka ea a me nā allergies," wahi a Jeroen Buters, PharmD, toxicologist, hope luna o ka Center for Allergy and the Environment, a me ka lālā o ka German Center Munich ʻOihana Ua haʻi aku ka Lung Research Center ma ke Kulanui a me ka Helmholtz Center iā Healio.
Ua nānā nā mea noiʻi iā Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus Der p 1 a me Dermatophagoides farinaeDer f 1 hale lepo mite allergen, Fel d 1 cat allergen a me Can f 1 ilio allergen, hiki ke ike ia ia mau mea a pau ma ka ea ea (PM).

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"Ke manaʻo nei nā kānaka a pau ʻo Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus ka mite mea hana allergen nui i ka ʻohana.ʻAʻole - ma ka liʻiliʻi ma Munich, a ʻaʻole paha ma kahi ʻē aʻe.Aia ma laila ʻo Dermatophagoides farinae, kekahi mite pili pili loa.Ua mālama ʻia nā mea maʻi āpau me nā ʻāpana o D pteronyssinus.Ma muli o ka like kiʻekiʻe ma waena o lākou, ua maikaʻi kēia, "wahi a Butters.
“Eia kekahi, ʻokoʻa ke ola o kēlā me kēia mite, no laila ʻike ʻoe i ka mea āu e kamaʻilio nei.ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā poʻe ma Munich e pili ana iā D. farina ma mua o D. pteronyssinus, "hoʻomau ʻo ia..
Ua mālama ka poʻe noiʻi i nā mākaʻikaʻi hoʻomalu a me nā mākaʻikaʻi i loko o kēlā me kēia hale ma 4 mau wiki.
Eia kekahi, ua ana nā mea noiʻi i ka Der f 1 i loko o nā lumi noho o nā hale ʻehā a ʻike ʻia ʻo 63.2% ka haʻahaʻa o ka median ma mua o nā lumi moe.
"Ua loaʻa i kahi noiʻi Australia ka hapa nui o nā allergens ma ka sofa lumi lumi.ʻAʻole mākou.Loaʻa iā mākou ma kahi moe.He gradient Australian-European paha ia, "wahi a Butters.
Ma hope koke iho o kēlā me kēia hanana, huli nā mea noiʻi i ka mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe a holo i ka hola 1. Ua hana houʻia kēia kaʻina hana iʻehā manawa i kēlā me kēia kipaʻana, no ka nui o nā hola 4 o ka laʻana i kēlā me kēia hale.
'Oiai he 3 'ohana wale no ka poki a he 2 'ohana he ilio, 20 'ohana Der f 1, 4 'ohana Der p 1, 10 'ohana Can f 1 a me 21 'ohana Fel d 1 qualified quantity.

"Ma kahi kokoke i nā haʻawina a pau, ʻaʻohe o nā ʻohana allergens mite.Me ko mākou hoʻokokoke maikaʻi ʻana, ua loaʻa iā mākou nā allergens ma nā wahi āpau, "wahi a Butters, me ka ʻike ʻana he mea kupanaha ka nui o nā allergens cat.

"ʻEkolu wale nō o 22 mau hale i loaʻa i nā pōpoki, akā ʻo nā mea allergens popoki e mau ana ma nā wahi a pau," wahi a Butters.
ʻO ka huina Der f 1 i ka lewa ua hoʻemi nui ʻia (P <.001) e ka kānana ea, akā ʻo ka emi ʻana o Der p 1 ʻaʻole i helu nui ʻia, wahi a nā mea noiʻi. ua emi iho ka huina median Der p 1 e 65.5%.
ʻO ka kānana ea ua hoʻemi nui ʻia ka Fel d 1 (P <.01) e ka median o 76.6% a me ka huina Can f 1 (P <.01) e ka median o 89.3%.
I ka wā o ka mākaʻikaʻi hoʻomalu, ʻo ka median Can f1 he 219 pg/m3 no nā hale me nā ʻīlio a me 22.8 pg/m3 no nā hale me ka ʻole ʻīlio. /m3 no nā hale ʻaʻole ʻīlio.
I ka wā o ka mākaʻikaʻi hoʻomalu, ʻo ka helu median FeI d 1 he 50.7 pg/m3 no nā hale me nā pōpoki a me 5.1 pg/m3 no nā hale me ka ʻole o nā pōpoki. He 0.9 pg/m3 ka helu o nā pōpoki.
Ua ʻike ʻia ka hapa nui o Der f 1 a me Der p 1 i nā PM me nā laula ʻoi aku ma mua o 10 microns (PM>10) a i ʻole ma waena o 2.5 a me 10 microns (PM2.5-10). .
Eia hou, hiki ke ho'emi nui 'ia 'o Can f 1 ma na ana PM a pau me ka ho'emi 'ana i ka allergen, me ka ho'emi 'ana o 87.5% (P <.01) no PM > 10 (P <. <.01).
ʻOiai ʻo nā mea liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi me nā allergens e noho lōʻihi i ka lewa a ʻoi aku ka nui o ka inhaled ma mua o nā ʻāpana nui, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana o ka ea i nā mea liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi, e ʻae i nā mea noiʻi e ʻōlelo.Lilo ka kānana ea i hoʻolālā kūpono no ka wehe ʻana i nā allergens a me ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻike.
“ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā allergens he mea maʻi poʻo, akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka poʻe me nā allergies.He mea maʻalahi kēia ʻano o ka wehe ʻana i nā allergens, "wahi a Buters, me ka ʻike ʻana he paʻakikī loa ka hoʻemi ʻana i nā allergens cat (ʻo ia ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo ka hā o nā allergens nui).
"Hiki iā ʻoe ke holoi i ka pōpoki - pōmaikaʻi - a kipaku paha i ka pōpoki," wahi āna.Hana ka kānana ea.
A laila, e nānā ka poʻe noiʻi inā hiki i ka poʻe maʻi allergy ke hiamoe maikaʻi me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ea.

 

 


Ka manawa hoʻouna: Mei-21-2022